Spanish claims to Alaska and the west coast of North America date to the papal bull of 1493, and the Treaty of Tordesillas. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. 1535-1550: Antonio de Mendoza is named the first viceroy of New Spain. 1507: A German cartographer publishes a map of the New World, using the name America in 1824: Last patriot victories against the Spaniards: Bolívar at Junín in August and Sucre at 1610: First Jesuit missions among the Guaraní in Paraguay. 1983: Assassination of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop of Grenada. 1846-8 - Mexican-American War ends with Mexico being forced to sell its northern provinces (including modern-day California, Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona and Utah) to the US. Blog. F1410 .R395 2000 Reference; South America, Central America and the Caribbean (Europa). 1570-71: The Inquisition is established in Lima and Mexico City. This game is part of a tournament. 1967: Guerrilla hero Ernesto "Che" Guevara is killed in Bolivia while attempting to spark a revolutionary uprising. a Data Handbook: South America. Mar 1, 1519. Oscar Niemeyer designed the buildings for the new capital of Brasilia, which was built in the interior of Brazil. United States wins the Mexican-American War. 1998: Augusto Pinochet, former dictator in Chile (1973-1990) is arrested in England on charges of human rights violations. 1990: FSLN loses elections to Violeta Chamorro in Nicaragua and an elected civilian government takes over from Augusto Pinochet in Chile. in the island's political affairs. Jan 1, 1325. 2000-200 BCE: Improvements in agriculture, culture, and social structures. 1952: The National Revolutionary Movement (MNR) comes to power in Bolivia. 1898: Spanish-Cuban-American War. Emily_Salwin . On July 3, Indians brought maize, beans, squash, and fresh and smoked meat to the Jamestown colony. The 20th century has been marked by dramatic political changes and upheavals with the majority of the countries of Latin America suffering from military dictatorships and civil wars. After a series of major battles at sea and on land, the Chileans were victorious. Tenochtitlan The Aztects found Tenochtitlan. 4 vols. Americas. Many Mexicans thought he was a good leader for their country. Aztecs found Tenochtitlan Founded in 1325, it became the seat of the growing Aztec Empire in the 15th century, until captured by the Spanish in 1521. Latin American History Timeline Timeline created by erijo.rustillo. 1980: Archbishop Oscar Romero assassinated in El Salvador for his stance against military repression and human rights abuses. 1000-1476 CE: Chimú empire in Peru with a very large city at Chan-chan with panaqa burial 1750: Treaty of Madrid shifts Spanish-Portuguese border in South America. 1961: Paraguay becomes the last country in Latin America to grant women the right to vote. 1700: Philip V becomes king of Spain, and the Bourbon dynasty replaces the dynasty of the 1977-80: President Jimmy Carter makes human rights a major goal in his Latin American policy. 1780-81: Indian revolt led by Tupac Amaru II in Upper Peru. Important dates through the chronology of the United States. 1934: U.S. abrogates the Platt Amendment of 1901 which governed Cuba. Cortes and his men marched into the interior of the country until they reached the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan. 1537: Pope Paul III decides Indians have souls. 1950: Women gain the franchise in El Salvador. Mexico achieved its independence from Spain under Agustin Iturbide. Their resulting "guerra sucia" (Dirty War) lasted until 1983 and killed or "vanished" thousands of people. wars, 1545: Silver discovered at Cerro Rico, Potosí (Bolivia). Created by. In 1816 Portuguese troops invaded Uruguay again. 1986: Indigenous groups in Ecuador form CONAIE, a pan-Indian organization. Alberto Fujimori resigns as president of Peru. Jan 1, 1325. 1955: Women gain the franchise in Honduras, Nicaragua, and Peru. Novelist John Steinbeck publishes Tortilla Flat, a novel about Mexican American life in the United States. F1408.29 .S68 Reference; Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures & Daily Life. Correct 0. The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) 1929: On February 17 the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) was founded by Mexican American men in Corpus Christi, Texas. 1973: CIA-backed coup overthrows Allende in Chile; military government under General Augusto Pinochet kills thousands of opponents. 30,000 BCE (Before the Common Era): Highly mobile hunting and gathering groups cross the 1961-69: Kennedy's Alliance for Progress tries to bring reform and development to Latin America. 1994: U.S., Mexico, and Canada form NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement. For a good timeline, check out the America's Best History Timeline, which counts down the five most important events of most years in American history from the 1400's to the present day, with detailed entries for more information. 1739: Establishment of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. 1479: Ferdinand II and Isabella I unite the crowns of Aragon and Castille in Spain. Works by archeologists and historians focusing on the colonial era in Latin America (1492-1825), which were not called “environmental history” at the time, are a rejoinder to that criticism. A chronology of key events in the history of Argentina, from 1916 to the present 1938: Lázaro Cárdenas nationalizes the oil industry in Mexico. Linea de tiempo sobre las teorías del origen de la vida, "The Awakening" Timeline of Impotant Events, linea del tiempo historia de la gestión empresarial, ETAPAS DEL DESARROLLO COGNITIVO DE JEAN PIAGET, LINEA DE TIEMPO: EVOLUCIÓN DE LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIÓN, Linea de tiempo de los primeros pobladores del continente americano hasta la colonización europea, Acontecimientos Historicos del siglo XVIII, PRINCIPALES APORTACIONES A LA TEORÍA CELULAR, LÍNEA DEL TIEMPO INNOVACIONES TECNOLÓGICAS, See more Science and Technology timelines. 1996: Peace agreement in Guatemala, but human rights violations continue. Write. years. Terms in this set (15) The Colombia Exchange. 7 new things you can do with Prezi Video to support online learning 1929: Plutarco Calles establishes the National Revolutionary Party (later the PRI) which then rules Mexico as a one-party state for the next seventy years. Argentina. elected socialist to take power in Latin America. 1989: General Stoessner ousted form power in Paraguay. Chile and Bolivia went to war after spending decades arguing over a border dispute. Match. Deaths due to flooding made it the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history; nearly 11,000 people were killed with over 11,000 left missing by the end of 1998. By the end of the year, starvation and disease reduce the original 105 settlers to just 32 survivors. 1819: Colombian and Venezuelan independence. Captain John Smith is captured by Native American Chief Powhatan and saved from death by the chief's daughter, Pocahontas. 1982: Colombian Gabriel García Márquez awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. 1500: Pedro Álvares Cabral claims the Brazilian "hump" for Portugal. 1889: Abdication of Pedro II in Brazil; Brazil proclaimed a republic. 1830s: Rise of caudillos, self-interested military dictators backed by private armies. The Olmec are also known for their monolithic stone heads. 2000-400 BCE: The beginnings of hieroglyphic writing & calendrics with the Olmec in Mexico. Rigoberta Menchú, an Indian leader from Guatemala, wins Nobel Peace Prize for her human rights work. 1/1959 * Dictator Fulgencio Batista, supported by the US until 1958, flees Castro's revolution in Cuba. 1987: Former Costa Rican president Oscar Arías is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in settling Central American conflicts. 1838: United Provinces of Central America breaks into five republics (Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica). Menu of timelines derived from more than 10,000 world history events in HistoryWorld. Hispanic-American history is American history. 1980: Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) guerrilla warfare starts in Peru. 1992: Peace agreement ends civil war in El Salvador. Ege & Makhijani. 1544: First viceroy, Blasco Núñez Vela, arrives in Peru with the New Laws, which triggers civil 1492: Christopher Columbus is lost at sea and is rescued by Arawak Indians in the Bahamas a quiz by almiklas • 121 plays • More. 1823: United States issues the Monroe Doctrine which warning Europe against the recolonization Independence in Mexico was sparked by Father Miguel Hidalgo, a priest living and working in the small town of Dolores. Colonial Latin American and US-Latin American Relations courses. 1939-1959: Fulgencio Batista era in Cuba. 1968: A large and important Student Movement ends with police and army massacring on students at the Plaza of Tlatelolco in Mexico City. 1974-1976: Isabel Martínez de Perón assumes presidency of Argentina. Artigas Pueyrredón offered to help but he refused. 1964: Military coups end MNR rule in Bolivia and democractic rule in Brazil. 1950: Jacobo Arbenz elected president in Guatemala. Pyramids of the Sun and Moon. 1928: José Carlos Mariátegui publishes Seven Interpretative Essays on Peruvian Reality. 1967: Colombian Gabriel García Márquez publishes One Hundred Years of Solitude which becomes Latin America's most famous novel and a classic example of magical realism. Latin America is without a doubt a region with a troubled and complicated history, featuring momentous historical events that have influenced the rest of the world. In the decades following European contact, disease, enslavement and land seizure destroyed the advanced civilizations of the continent, both in the Andes and the Amazon regions, sending the surviving inhabitants back to a far simpler social organization. 1799-1803: German geographer Alexander von Humboldt explores Mexico and South America. 1927: Augusto Cesár Sandino launches first Sandinista uprising in Nicaragua. 1992: Anti-quincentennial protests strengthen Indigenous-rights movement. Richard Grimmet, Instances of Use of Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2001. History of Latin America - History of Latin America - The independence of Latin America: After three centuries of colonial rule, independence came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America. 1952: Latin America posts the highest population growth of all regions in the world, with Argentina growing 251% in 50 years and Brazil 191% 1952: Peron's wife Eva dies of cancer in Argentina as millions mourn her as a saint 1952: Responding to public discontent with the government, general Batista returns to Cuba and seizes power 1984: Raul Alfonsín, of the Radical Party, assumes the presidency of Argentina ending nine years of military rule. 1345-1521 CE: The Mexicas (Aztecs) form a militaristic tribute empire in Mexico. Test. (October 12). Spanish rule in the Americas ended in 1898 when they lost their final colonies to the United States following the Spanish-American War. 1909-33: U.S. Marines occupy Nicaragua, Haiti, and Dominican Republic. Cuba's population grows from 1.6 million in 1899 to 4 million, thanks to European immigration and improved health care. 1952: Puerto Rico becomes a U.S. Commonwealth. TImeline of Latin American History . Latin America History Timeline created by mariapuente03. September 12, 1860. He will 1904: Theodore Roosevelt's Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine declares the U.S. to be the Cortes and his men marched into the interior of the country until they reached the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan. 200 BCE - 600 CE: Pottery with realistic painting at Moche on the northern Peruvian coast. 1531: Virgin of Guadalupe appears to Juan Diego on a hill outside of Mexico City. Mesoamerica. in South America. 1929: Conservatives grant women the right to vote in Ecuador, the first country in Latin America to do so. 28 May 2020. Aztecs found Tenochtitlan The Aztecs found Tenochtitlan and started building the first Aztec temples. 1954: CIA overthrows constitutional government of Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala. Also see this comparative Ancient America Time Line. In History. 1895: José Martí launches war for Cuban Independence and is killed. 600-1000 CE: Monolithic stone architecture at Tiwanaku by Lake Titicaca in Bolivia. Press play! 200 BCE - 1000 CE (Common Era): Emergence of cities, social stratification, and the flowering 1524: Council of the Indies established to help administer the new colonies. 1742-1755: Revolt of Juan Santos Atahualpa "the invincible" in Peru. Timeline for Colonial Latin America, 1492-1824 Colonial Latin American Profiles and Personalities Moments and Events in Late Colonial Latin America Analysis of Arthur Syzk’s “Bolívar and Sucre at Junin,” oil on canvas (1950) 1813: Morelos convokes the first Mexican Congress, which formally declares Mexican 1822-1823: Iturbide is proclaimed emperor in Mexico. 1511: Sermon of Antonio de Montesinos criticizing colonists' treatment of the Indians. of material culture. 1855: U.S. filibuster William Walker and his mercenaries invade and occupy Nicaragua. 1830: Gran Colombia splits into the separate countries of Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. … The widespread transfer of animals, plants, culture, human populations, technology, disease and ideas between the American and Afro-Eurasian hemispheres transformed life in Europe, the Americas and Africa. leads to population increase & pressure. Christian History timeline: Latin American Christianity [Antonio de Montesinos shouts against slavery / Wikimeda] — 1492 Columbus lands on Guanahani, which he renames San Salvador. Ronald Reagan orders U.S. forces to invade the small Caribbean island to halt Cuban work on an airstrip. Chile rescues 33 Miners trapped underground for 69 days. 1542: Bartolomé de las Casas writes Devastation of the Indies to push the "New Laws" to reform 0%. 1492: Spanish Roman Catholics expel the last of the Muslims and Jews from Spain. Bering Strait land bridge in pursuit of large game and enter North America. HISTORY OF LATIN AMERICA Timeline. A Reference Guide to Latin American History. 1823-1855: Period of Santa Anna in Mexico. all the way down to Chile in southern South America. 1876: Porfirio Díaz overthrows Lerdo de Tejada and becomes President in Mexico. Hapsburgs. Remaining 0. 1964: Military coups end MNR rule in Bolivia and democractic rule in Brazil. G63 .W67 2004 v.3 Reference; Circulating Items Circulating Items: Morgan Stacks, Maps . Spanish establish viceroyalty of New Granada, encompassing all territory between Orinoco and Amazon Rivers. | Marc Becker's Home Page In 1513, this claim was reinforced by Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa, the first European to sight the Pacific Ocean, when he claimed all lands adjoining this ocean for the Spanis… Caudíllos: 19th - 20th century: From the 1830s each new Latin American republic goes its own way, though often distracted by border conflicts with neighbours. 1949: Women gain the franchise in Chile and Costa Rica. Ayacucho in December. Share | Discover in a free daily email today's famous history and birthdays Enjoy the Famous Daily . policeman of the Caribbean. 1961: Nicaraguan guerrillas organize the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN). 800-200 BCE: Developments in art, ceramics, weavings, and feline cult at Chavín in the Peruvian 1542: Bartolomé de las Casas named Bishop of Chiapas in southern Mexico. 1961: Nicaraguan guerrillas organize the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN). and beginnings of agriculture and village life. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Latin American History Timeline created by elias_pleitez. Years: c. 5000 BCE - 2010: Subject: Encyclopedias, Geographical reference : Publisher: HistoryWorld: Online Publication Date: 2012 Current online version: 2012 eISBN: 9780191736674 Read More. Jan 1, 1325. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Latin America History Timeline created by karpuentes. 1933: FDR announces "Good Neighbor Policy.". 1513-21: Ponce de Leon explores Florida on two expeditions. 1957-86 * Papa Doc and Baby Doc Duvalier rule Haiti as dictators, with US support. Jump to a year: BCE CE. Mexico. Women and illiterate peasants gain the right to vote. 1415-60: Prince Henry the Navigator opens the great Portuguese "Age of Exploration.". treatment of Indians. He and a small group of conspirators started the rebellion by ringing the church bells … 1954: Women gain the franchise in Colombia. Spell. control of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Phillippines. Guerrillas organize the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN). In History. 1542: The Spanish Crown issues Las Nuevas Leyes (The New Laws) to protect the Indians. English Questions. 1956: US-supported dictator Anastasio Somoza assassinated in Nicaragua. GN 333 .W67 1998 Reference; Worldmark Encyclopedia of Nations. 1791-1804: Slave revolt on French island of Saint-Dominigue (Haiti) leads to independence. President Woodrow Wilson sends troops to Veracruz, Mexico, in an effort to depose Victoriano Huerta, who soon resigns. Jan 1, 1608. Year Event; c. 5000 BCE: Squash and chili are the first plants to be cultivated in America, in the Tehuácan valley in modern Mexico. 1961-69: Kennedy's Alliance for Progress tries to bring reform and development to Latin America. 1946: Juan Domingo Perón elected president of Argentina. honor of Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512). 200 BCE - 600 CE: Nazca lines on the southern Peruvian coast. 1822: King Pedro declares Brazil independent from Portugal. Under the leadership of Víctor Paz Estenssoro, tin mines are nationalized and the next year an agrarian reform program is instituted. 1953: Women gain the franchise in Mexico. 1815: Simón Bolívar forced to retreat to the island of Jamaica. Grossman, Zoltan. Flashcards. 300-900 CE: Architectural developments (city on high, large platform) at Monte Albán in "180 Landings by the U.S. Marine Corps" (History Division), Counterspy (July-Aug. 1982). The Panama Canal is a land bridge that connects the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean. 10,000 BCE: A second migration crosses the Bering Strait and joins the first one. Hernando Cotes Hernando Cortes landed on the coast of Mexico. Wrong 0. 1994: A rebellion breaks out in the southern state of Chiapas, Mexico, led by the Zapatista Army 1961: Paraguay becomes the last country in Latin America to grant women the right to vote. too few (you: not rated) Category. Latin American Missions started in 1958 after a small group of Christian men traveled to Panama seeking ways to spread the Gospel of Christ. 1821: Agustín de Iturbide declares Mexico independent with his Plan of Iguala. PLAY. What Happened: Hispanics, including mestizos, indigenous and Afro-descended people from the area today known as Mexico, explored North America almost a century before the British first founded Jamestown. 1901: Platt Amendment to Cuba's new constitution gives the U.S. the unilateral right to intervene 0:00.0. César Chávez organizes the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) in Delano, California. 1932-1935: Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay leads to costly defeat for Bolivia. Independence. At that time there were no full-time Gospel preachers in Panama. Quit. Language. 1 Jun, 2020 Sound On/Off. Latin American History Timeline (Events) STUDY. What is a Timeline of American History? Timeline: Latin America. 1932: A peasant uprising in El Salvador leads to the death of 30,000 Indians. Period: Jan 7, 1300. to Jan 7, 2011. Peru gains independence. 1864-70: Period of Mariano Melgarejo in Bolivia. South America’s history was put on a completely different trajectory with Christopher Columbus’ discovery of the Americas in the 1490s. Santiago, Chile is destroyed by an earthquake. How to create a video lesson on Prezi Video and prepare for next year; 27 May 2020. 1965: US forces, fearing a Communist takeover, occupy Dominican Republic. 5/1958 * Vice President Richard Nixon meets strong anti-American sentiment on his "good will" tour of Latin America. Adam-Onis Treaty: U.S.-Mexico boundary established by Spain and the United States. 1954: General Stroessner comes to power in Paraguay. 3500-1700 BCE:Early ceramics and fertility figurines appear at Valdivia on the Ecuadorian coast Between 1810 and 1825, most of Spain's former colonies had declared and won independence and had divided up into republics. 1953: Fidel Castro launches a failed uprising at the Moncada Barracks in Santiago, Cuba. 1989: George Bush orders invasion of Panama to capture one-time dictator Manuel Noriega. By 1825, Mexico, Central America, and South America were free, soon to be followed by Brazil. 1513: Vasco Nuñez de Balboa views the "South Sea" from Panama, the Pacific Ocean. 200 BCE - 600 CE: Weaving & mummy bundles at Paracas on the southern Peruvian coast. Jan 1, 1494. Foreign Affairs Division, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. CRS Report for Congress, 2002. 1810: Creoles establish ruling juntas in Carcas, Venezuela, Santiago, Chile, Buenos Aires, 1868-78: Independence movements in Cuba and Puerto Rico lead to the Ten Years' War in Cuba. Navarro, Marysa, Virginia Sánchez Korrol, and Kecia Ali. 1968: Latin American bishops meeting in Medellín, Colombia, embrace liberation theology and announce a 'preferential option for the poor.'. 1811: Hidalgo is defeated and executed. 1942: Women gain the franchise in the Dominican Republic. History. 1947: Women gain the franchise in Argentina and Venezuela. 1926-1929: Conflicts between the government and the hierarchy of the Catholic Church lead to Despite the traumatic experience, Latin music is one of the positive outcomes that came from that process. 1944: Guatemalan revolution overthrows Jorge Ubico. 1945: Women gain the franchise in Guatemala and Panama. 1810: The priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla issues the "Grito de Dolores" in Mexico which begins Harry S. Truman becomes the first president to visit Mexico City, laying a wreath at the foot of the U.S.-Mexican war monument to the Niños Heroes. 1569-81: Administration of Francisco de Toledo, viceroy of Peru. 600-800 CE: Rise of large urban cities & empires at Huari in Peruvian Highlands. Cuban gains independence from Spain; United States takes 300-900 CE: High developments in astrology, calendrics, math, writing among the Maya in Parts of this chronology are reprinted with permission from Dr. Richard W. Slatta's Ancient and You need to be a group member to play the tournament. Pace of reforms accelerates, including expropriation of United Fruit Company banana lands. to Marc Becker at marc@yachana.org. Take a deeper look into the history of Latin American Missions and the heart behind the work. compounds. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. 950-1150 CE: The formation of militaristic empires, wars, invasions with the Toltecs in Mexico — 1493 Papal Bulls of Donation give Portugal and Spain rights in the “New World.” — 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas divides the “New World” between Spain and Portugal. Latin music is the result of a complex social and historical process that took place in the Americas after the arrival of Columbus. technological advances. Latin American History Jan 1, 1493. 1494: Treaty of Tordesillas divides the New World between Spain and Portugal. 1932: Women gain the franchise in Brazil, Puerto Rico, and Uruguay. LULAC is the largest and longest-lasting Latino civil rights group in the country. 1957-86: Papa Doc and Baby Doc Duvalier rule Haiti as dictators, with US support. 1532: Francisco Pizarro captures Atahualpa, ending the Inca Empire. Juan José Arévalo elected president. 1847-1848: Maya Indians rebel against plantation owners in Yucatán, Mexico in what is known as the Caste War. | marc@yachana.org |, Chronological history of the peace talks between the EZLN and the Mexican government, 1994-1998. 1982: British victory in the Malvinas/Falklands war leads to the collapse of the military government in Argentina and a return to civilian rule. 1550: Debate between Las Casas and Sepúlveda at Valladolid in Spain. Peru, which had a military alliance with Bolivia, was drawn into the war as well. Guatemalan Miguel Ángel Asturias awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. It is the ancient Aztec Capital, cite of Mexico City today. 1200-1532 CE: The Inka form the Tawantinsuyu empire in the Andes with sophisticated and very 1519-22: Hernán Cortés enters, lays siege to, and conquers Aztec capital Tenochtitlán. 1571-72: Revolt of Tupac Amaru I in Peru. Using the Napoleonic invasion of Spain as an excuse, most of Latin America declared independence from Spain in 1810. 1940: The First Inter-American Indigenist Congress held in Pátzcuaro, Mexico leads to the formation of the Instituto Indigenista Interamericana (III). 1811: Venezuela and Paraguay declare independence from Spain. 1777: Establishment of the Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata. Gravity. The Aztects found Tenochtitlan. 1879-84: War of the Pacific involves Chile, Peru, Bolivia. the Cristero Rebellio, a widespread revolt in central and western Mexico. declares himself president, rules for 2 years, and is finally shot by a Honduran firing squad on 1855-1876: Period of Benito Juárez in Mexico. 1615: Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala finishes Nueva Corónica y buen gobierno to King Philip III 1999: Transfer of the Canal Zone from U.S. to Panamanian control. 1793-1815: Napoleonic Wars disrupt political rule in Europe. Women gain the right to vote in Cuba. Due to its slow motion from October 29 to November 3, Hurricane Mitch dropped historic amounts of rainfall in Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua. of National Liberation and commanded by a charismatic leader known as Subcomandante Marcos. 1979: Sandinistas take power in Nicaragua. 1988: Pinochet loses plebiscite in Chile which was to extend his military rule. 450-750 CE: Theocratic empire develops at Teotihuacán in Mexico with a large urban center and the War of Independence against Spain. etc. History of Latin America, history of the region from the pre-Columbian period and including colonization by the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the 19th-century wars of independence, and developments to the end of the 20th century. 9 Tries. 1975: Cuban government passes law making childcare and housework equal responsibility of men and women. Please send any suggestions, comments, corrections, additions, 1948: Organization of American States formed. of the newly independent Spanish American republics. efficient organizational and administrative structures. of Spain. 1551: The University of Mexico is founded. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest. 1976: On March 24, generals Videla, Massera and Agosti form a military junta in Argentina. José Maria Morelos y Pavón takes command of the 1511: Atuey leads Indigenous resistance to Spanish settlement of Cuba. 1903: United States engineers Panama's separation from Colombia. The canal made possible the exchange of both goods and ideas. 9 Last Played. (For more detailed information, see this Chronological history of the peace talks between the EZLN and the Mexican government, 1994-1998.). 1971: Chilean Pablo Neruda awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. It is the ancient Aztec Capital, cite of Mexico City today. 1000-1492 CE: Urban, stratified, militarized, imperialistic empires with no important Groups spread II, Oxford University Press, 2005 II, Oxford University Press, 2005 “Petrópolis, Treaty of (1903).” Walker Independence from Spain came suddenly for most of Latin America. It was something that never has happened in history. Learn. 1864-70: War of the Triple Alliance between Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay. He defends his actions with a speech History Will Absolve Me. 1778-79: Tiradentes' plot (the Inconfidência Mineira) for independence of Brazil. Human activity shaped the environment of Latin America long before the arrival of Europeans in the late 1400s. reelect himself seven times, and his dictatorship, the "Porfiriato" (1876-1911), will last thirty-four highlands. 1970: Salvador Allende in Chile elected president in Chile, and becomes the first democratically A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Elections in the Americas. 1988: The PRI uses electoral fraud to prevent Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas of gaining the presidency in Mexico. Again. Hernando Cortes landed on the coast of Mexico. Subsequent events suggest that Spain has left her colonies ill-equipped for self-rule. Vol 3. Vicente Fox was elected president of Mexico. 8000-2000 BCE: Disappearance of large game leads to switch to small game, gathering, fishing, Central America have been governed by Mexico then they declared independence from Mexico and became the United Provinces. insurrection. 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