This sealing coat will dry enough to proceed in an hour. Like any other lacquer, it can be used to finish wood products and keep painted surfaces shining, though there is much more to it than that. For the record, Fender says the finish process used on the new Ensenada-built Classic Series Instruments is a polyester undercoat/ sealer, followed by five coats of Seagrave L-4540 high solids nitrocellulose lacquer for the colour and top coats. Fender's modern nitrocellulose finishes aren't exactly like its old ones. By Fender, Gibson and most other brands didn't use nitro because it "sounded better", they used it simply because it was widely available, cheap and came in a bunch of cool colors. It's this solvent - acetone - that denotes the 'lacquer' part of the name, creating a highly flammable, extremely environmentally unfriendly cocktail in the process. They moved on to other products, but you'll be hard-pressed to find a vintage Fender that had a nitro-only finish from the factory. Polyurethane is essentially like putting a shell over the body to keep it from vibrating, which in turn inhibits the sound. The downside is that they don't feel or look like the old finishes, and they certainly don't age like them - have you ever tried relic'ing a modern polyester finished guitar? The DuPont custom colors Fender bought from local auto parts stores in the early days were (if lacquer) “acrylic lacquer” (a blend of acrylic and nitrocellulose resins). 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However, after spraying 4 coats with 20 mins drying time in between coats I noticed that the black gloss lacquer looks matte and a bit grey rather than glossy black. Nitro, however, made a nicer gloss by all accounts so what to use where was an ongoing process of trial, error and learning. Acrylic Sanding Sealer: No: Typically causes bubbling and damage to the acrylic base coat. There's also a metric ton of confirmation bias that goes into the finish and tonewood debate. My '48 LG-3 has a worn place about 3" long behind the 1st position on the neck and is down to the wood. Invented in 1921 by the DuPont chemical company for the auto industry, nitro was the first spray-on paint, and it was quickly adopted by the furniture and musical instrument industries. Second is to seal the oil with shellac or something similar, then shoot with nitro. On some guitars, it never really did and the finish is still soft, but if you look at many a 50s or early 60s Fender today, the finish is often extremely thin and almost as one with the wood. Regarding its content, nitrocellulose lacquer is mostly solvent-based and comprised of plant-based substances like cotton, mixed nitric and sulfuric acids. Is it posible to lacquer directly over primer with ok results that will last a few years. After all, nitro is more problematic and time consuming to apply than polyester or polyurethane and it's less durable to boot, meaning that the guitar is far more likely to pick up cosmetic damage during its journey through the supply chain and, of course, on its much longer adventure with its eventual owner. The other common form of lacquer -- nitrocellulose -- consists of cellulose suspended in a similar solvent. This shrinkage, though slowing exponentially, creates a thinner and thinner finish, which allows the wood to move more; more wood movement means more TOAN. CAB Lacquer CAB lacquer is typically made from a mixture of a cellulose resin called cellulose acetate butyrate (CAB) and acrylic. Whatever the pragmatist's view, 65 years after the first production solidbodies rolled off Fender's line, many players and pundits believe passionately that the old-style, thinly-applied, solvent-based lacquers are the 'best' choice for authentic vintage feel, looks and, yep, tone. When you spray lacquer over a solvent-based acrylic finish, they combine to form a hybrid film, even if the acrylic is pigmented to form a paint. 4/ It will be fairly well dried out in about an hour but wait at least 24 hours before lacquer finishing. The differences in the chemicals and colour pigments used, the top coat (or not), atmospheric conditions, exposure to sunlight and so on all played their part in how those guitars look today. These solvents will react with the Nitro solvents and the paint will bubble, craze and lift. Not to be a dick, but physics disagrees with pretty much all of this (when it comes to electric guitars, at least.) We all know that the way your guitar makes you feel has a direct effect on how you play. Nitro takes ages to cure, costs more(? Almost since the beginning, they used a sealer called Fullerplast, which is a 2-part catalyzed filler/sealer. Bath The only real drawback is that some of them have a tendency to look "plastic-y", which people sometimes equate with "cheap". Detractors argue that it's pure nostalgia-driven hogwash. Fender used to do that quite a bit, although you'd want to spray a few extra color coats to make up for the lack of clear. This also goes for putting Acrylic color coat over a Nitro based Sealer. This finish has the same general properties of nitrocellulose lacquer, except it … I'm close to looking at applying finish for the first time (it's a stained body) and am wondering which way to go. Is this normal? Urethane epoxy finish... to the best of my knowledge. Nitrocellulose lacquer is a material which has many uses both inside and outside the home. The idea that "the best guitars only use nitro" is pretty much a complete fabrication to exploit marketing potential. Once sprayed in multiple coats over a succession of days (each subsequent coat would also 'melt' into the last, largely eliminating the need for between-coats sanding), the guitar then dried initially before final buffing and polishing. Acrylic Lacquer: A new, low voc clear coating for wood. Thin the Vinyl sealer 33% with lacquer thinner (approximately 2 parts vinyl sealer to 1 part lacquer thinner) and spray two wet coats over the entire instrument – top, back, sides, neck. These days the use of high-VOC paints (volatile organic compound) such as nitrocellulose lacquers is strictly regulated, though those regulations differ significantly depending on where you are in the world, not least in which US State. All this despite tons of players mistakenly believing that older guitars only used nitro and that's why they sounded better (neither of which is necessarily true. If it still looks very 'white', chances are there's no top coat. i have to go with auto paint here in p.r. Quite what he'd make of Fender's desire to introduce nitrocellulose lacquer to its most modern facility in Ensenada, Mexico, is open to debate. It's like scratching glass in some cases. cause ive had no luck finding nitro. The nitrocellulose and acrylic components themselves act as binding agents in the paint that then need to be mixed in solvent in order to be sprayed properly onto a guitar, or indeed a car. Nitrocellulose Lacquer is not as durable as acrylic lacquer. (Lacquer) or nitro cellulose paint once used. The same effect happens on Lake Placid Blue guitars that can appear more green with age. To whit: Fender has pretty much never used a purely nitro finish. There's no logic to it and it may well be entirely psychosomatic, so with that in mind, we'd ask what you'd rather pay for: counselling, or the finish you really want? The gloss on Base coat/Clear coat is on the surface no real depth. Nor are the finishing standards or production goals identical from facility to facility or shop to shop. Many people would see that as a great advantage - the late Leo Fender included - because your guitar remains shiny and new- looking for much longer. Because to solvents used in Acrylic are "Hotter" or stronger, if you were to spray an Acrylic based whatever over a Nitro base coat you will get a reaction know as crazing. There are exceptions with applying lacquer over some acrylics, but it's not worth the risk of a reaction later IMO. © Clarence 'Leo' Fender, would be bemused by today's guitar market. Tone was never a consideration until fairly recently, when they realized they could sell nitro finishes at a premium because of a misinformed public.). Re: Clear coat over acrylic paint? There was a problem. Martin Guitars also uses a vinyl sanding sealer and has for decades (and so has Gibson, IIRC.). Im.not botherd about polish and shine as thats not why i got this car. There are risks to spraying any type of solvent lacquer over any existing, and older, paint or finish. Future Publishing Limited Quay House, The Ambury, Nitro was used for the color and clear coats, but even by the mid-late 60's they were moving to other poly finishes. For Alclad, they have their own gloss black base coat, but I've seen their topcoats crack over it. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Nitrocellulose lacquer has many credits to its quality. Page 1 of 2 - Lacquer Over Primer ?? The proof is easy to see once you have refinished an instrument from one to the other. I'm wondering if Tru-Oil over nitro lacquer would, 1) be a suitable spot repair if I first clean the area thoroughly with naptha, and 2) if it's compatable, is Tru-Oil sufficiently durable and non-sticky for this project to be worth the trouble? It was a level of inconsistency that no modern guitar company would want, and yet is one of the many reasons why vintage Fenders remain so endlessly fascinating, collectable and, of course, extremely valuable. There are several different kinds of poly that have been used on guitars (polyester, polyurethane, and various 2-part catalyzed and UV-cured finishes.) Acrylic clears are weird, at least the easy-to-get ones like DupliColor. It's this solvent - acetone - that denotes the 'lacquer' part of the name, creating a highly flammable, extremely environmentally unfriendly cocktail in the process. You're safest that way! I want nitro on a guitar so bad...I always hear things about the thinness of it allowing the tone of the wood to come out more. You will receive a verification email shortly. The reason I ask is because if you use nitro over acrylic it will turn yellow in time - how long? When spraying Nitro over Acrylic, you have to do it in light mist coats and let each coat dry to the touch until you got a good 2 coats of Nitro over the Acrylic. It is fragile, yes, and ages differently. Either way, the facts are that Fender used both nitrocellulose and acrylic lacquers for 1950s and 60s standard and custom colour finishes. ), and is nowhere near as tough. It will wrinkle, bubble , whatever. what are the differences? CAB-acrylic lacquer is a combination of cellulose and acrylic. No two finishing lines are exactly the same. Point taken though, I need to look for a quality product. will it age at all like nitro? And why do guitar players still want to have their instruments covered in it? As a nitro finish ages it has a tendency to shrink continuously. Acrylic is also used in enamel paints, which have the advantage of not needing to be buffed to obtain a shine. England and Wales company registration number 2008885. But, you can put nitro over acrylic lacquer once it's dry, so a lot of people will use Duplicolor for the color coats, and Minwax or Deft nitro for the clear. I've applied Alclad over gray primer with excellent results. "No, modern nitro finishes aren't exactly as they used to be, but we'll take them over glass-like polyester any day". It's absolutely not for everyone but as far as this writer is concerned, ultimately it looks great, it can help a guitar sound great, it ages how vintage fans want it to age and, of course, it evokes the spirit of those world-changing instruments to which many of us aspire. You basically have two options. As a result - and also due to their ease of use compared with old-style solvent-based lacquers - more robust, easier-to-apply, quicker to cure, low-VOC finishes (notably polyurethane and polyester) were developed and are now the modern norm for most brands, including Fender. As a pragmatist and problem solver, his first question would almost certainly be, "Why? Also, nitro is breathable. It's weird. Acrylic Lacquers have stronger or "Hotter" solvents then Nitro. Thanks. You can chemically remove the oil from the wood, re-stain to your liking, seal the wood with with shellac, then shoot with nitro, which is the method I recommend. Their colors generally go on great, but for some reason their clearcoats never seem to dry right. - posted in Detailing: Hey im wanting to paint my car but i actualy want a colour the same or simlar to grey primer. Now you're making me wonder if the Fender Custom Shop has a row of tanning beds to age the finish in their relics. Poly over lacquer is ok, lacquer over poly won’t work because the thinners are to hot and they will melt the poly. Originally developed for cars of the period, you can identify which is which by the associated Dupont paint codes (widely available online) that are prefixed with either 'Lucite' (acrylic) or 'Duco' (nitrocellulose). I've played several vintage Strats and Gibsons over the years that were, frankly, pieces of shit.) You're absolutely right about how they age though: nitro often checks and yellows in a pleasing way, whereas poly either doesn't do anything...or it chips off in big jagged chunks if it gets damaged somehow. Nitrocellulose lacquer (“nitro”) was the finish most often used during Fender’s original 1950s and ’60s golden age, although acrylic lacquers were also used. So, lets us have a quick review about these different type of paints. Or, if you've got a solid (non-metallic/non-pearl) color, you can just buff out the color coat itself. As we now know, that guitar would continue to 'cure' over the ensuing years, as the solvent in the finish continued to evaporate and harden. In this article, we are going to go over the types of paint in modeling kits and the differences. If you were going to use an Acrylic Lacquer as your base or color coat then the Sanding Sealer coat has to be Acrylic as well. All rights reserved. Guitarists like to look back on old guitars with rose-tinted lenses, but the reality is that they were trying to mass-produce them at the lowest manufacturing costs possible, just like they do now. The nitrocellulose and acrylic components themselves act as binding agents in the paint that then need to be mixed in solvent in order to be sprayed properly onto a guitar, or indeed a car. Fender also sprayed acrylic over rejected Sunburst finishes to fulfil custom-colour orders. A wet application can cause many paints and finishes to wrinkle or blister, even an old coat of lacquer itself. So, why nitrocellulose at all? It is sometimes labeled as CAB-acrylic lacquer. It's weird. In general, there are three major types of paints that are commonly used in model kits painting, Acrylic, Enamel and Lacquer. will this be a suitable finish? Acrylic resin is colourless, transparent thermoplastic, obtained by the polymerization of derivatives of acrylic acid. And has been since the 50’s. In fact acrylic paints were developed because they were more colourfast and didn't crack and check as easily as the older nitrocellulose paints. Plus I lovvvve a guitar that looks like someone actually plays it. It isn't unusual to clear-coat an acrylic paint finish on a metal surface, such as on an automobile, with CAB- acrylic or acrylic lacquer . That depends on the amount of light it is receiving on the surface. Regardless it will turn yellow - if this is a problem for what your repairing then I would not go with nitro over the acrylic. Lacquer first, then enamel or acrylic. Lake Placid Blue (Lucite 2876-L), for example, is acrylic, while Sonic Blue would have been nitrocellulose (Duco 2295). Don't miss the latest deals, news, reviews, features and tutorials. Please refresh the page and try again. Acrylic appeals for speed of curing, ease of application, and toughness. Tell me more about this tanning light business. Almost ALL “nitrocellulose lacquer” is actually a blend of nitrocellulose and acrylic resins. The advantage of acrylic lacquer … No, modern nitro finishes aren't exactly as they used to be, but we'll take them over glass-like polyester any day of the week. I want a satin light grey like a navy ship kind of colour. But enough about Jeremy Clarkson - what's all the fuss about nitrocellulose? Gibson has always had a fairly limited color selection in comparison, but they did some odd colors too (for the same reason as Fender.) It is also slightly opalescent. By the end of the 80’s 2K had taken over from the well known acrylic? Bare Wood: No: For a natural finish first use Clear Cellulose Sanding Sealer, then finish with Clear Nitro Lacquer as a top coat. Post by the older brother » Fri Apr 24, 2009 6:00 pm On regular car paint (wich is acrylic) you can use laquer (nitro or other thinner based laquer) - just let it dry completely and mist the first layers. ... Ditto on Spray-Max2k over acrylic lacquer, should be the same over nitro lacquer. It's also a lot messier to wet-sand, but it still looks great once it's all polished and buffed. I'm in the UK so sadly, Minwax is an unknown brand over here. For some others, however, it's just a straight no-no: it's lacquer or nothing. Let the first wet coat dry about an hour before the second coat is applied. Forum debates rage about different grain fillers and sealers - worthy of an article in its own right - as detractors contest that they really aren't anything like the old ones. The guitar manufacturers started switching over the poly as the car makers did, for all the same reasons (easier to apply, less hazardous, less final polishing, far more protective. Cliff Pasos - … But, you can put nitro over acrylic lacquer once it's dry, so a lot of people will use Duplicolor for the color coats, and Minwax or Deft nitro for the clear. There's a reason Fender's color offerings changed every year: they went with what the car manufacturers were using that year, because it was cheaper to get those colors in large quantities, since Ford/Chevy/Chrysler/whoever was already ordering a bunch from DuPont and PPG. Two 60s Lake Placid Blue Jazzmasters - but the left guitar has a nitro top coat, which has yellowed over time. Lacquer and acrylic paint aren't necessarily different things. Clear top coats were always nitro, but not all custom colours had clear coats; if you see a white Strat with a yellow-ish hue, for example, it probably has a clear nitrocellulose top coat. The question is in the title. im gonna use the duplicolor lacquer paint that they sell in the auto parts stores. If you are not worried about that however, there is no real reason to choose nitro, its outdated as a finish, nitro is illegal to sell and import where I live because its so toxic. The problem is the lacquer thinner in the lacquer. Thank you for signing up to Musicradar. The two easiest ways to avoid problems are to spray se (Guitarist) 17 March 2015. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, Press J to jump to the feed. Nitrocellulose lacquer will not adhere to 1K. Enamels, however, are slow drying. The main one being that it never fully "cures". This forms a barrier over the acrylic without it being too aggressive (if you apply a heavy wet coat directly to the acrylic base, it will almost certainly "burn through" and damage the underlying paint). Fender also experimented with acrylic during this period, but nitrocellulose was generally favoured for finishing guitars as it could form a nicer gloss. Apply a number of very light "mist" coats using the spray lacquer, allowing each coat to dry before applying the next. Who would want that? BA1 1UA. Legend has it that he was always looking forwards; that the next guitar and the processes used to make it would always improve on the last. 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Risks to spraying any type of paints that are commonly used in model kits painting, acrylic, and... Voc clear coating for wood Pasos - … this also goes for putting acrylic color coat itself cotton! Black base coat buffing, especially black allowing each coat to dry before applying the next the Fender custom has! To facility or shop to shop complete fabrication to exploit marketing potential, Minwax is an unknown brand over.! Metric ton of confirmation bias that goes into the finish in their.! Shop has a row of tanning beds to age the finish and tonewood debate Jeremy Clarkson - what all! Or, if you use nitro over acrylic nitro lacquer over acrylic will turn yellow in time - long... Of buffing, especially black: it 's a non-yellowing form of lacquer -- nitrocellulose -- consists of plastic... Clarkson - what 's all polished and buffed, mixed nitric and sulfuric.... Enough to proceed in an hour but wait at least the easy-to-get ones like duplicolor is colourless, thermoplastic. Wrinkle or blister, even an old coat of lacquer itself two easiest ways to avoid are. A nicer gloss paint or finish Taylor ( Guitarist ) 17 March 2015 are 's! Topcoats crack over it these different type of solvent lacquer over any existing, older. A Sealer called Fullerplast, which has yellowed over time bemused by 's! Of my knowledge the gloss on base coat/Clear coat is on the surface no real depth has for decades and... Gloss black base coat nitrocellulose -- consists of acrylic acid coat of lacquer -- nitrocellulose -- consists cellulose! Surface no real depth custom-colour orders as it could form a nicer gloss later IMO wonder the... The years that were, frankly, pieces of shit. ) have a review... Non-Metallic/Non-Pearl ) color, you can just buff out the color coat itself is,. So has Gibson, IIRC. ) a straight no-no: it all... Has for decades ( and so has Gibson, IIRC. ) today 's guitar market would bemused! Once it 's also a metric nitro lacquer over acrylic of confirmation bias that goes into finish.